|Canges Of Air Pollution In Central Europe In Correlation With Changes Of Climate And Sun Activities|
Dr. Horst borchert, "CHANGES OF AIR POLLUTION IN CENTRAL EUROPE IN CORRELATION WITH CHANGES OF CLIMATE AND SUN ACTIVITIES", 13th World Clean Air and Environmental Protection Congress, Aug. 24, 2004, London
Between 1986 and 1991 were strong increases in temperature, global radiation and anthropogenious Ozone in Central Europe, while the yearly averaged concentrations of SO2 and PMx decreased by more than 30% (Fig.1). As a consequence smog-alert systems for wintertime (SO2, PMx, NO2 and CO) were cancelled, but summertime alert-systems (O3) were introduced. After this strong changes SO2 and PMx remained at relative low levels and the trend of O3 has gone slowly down, both caused mainly by legally forced emission reductions. But global radiation and temperature remained at high levels, ground near temperature about 2 °C above the almost constant trend from 1950 to 1985. Looking for causes of the significant changes between 1986 and 1991, we find an interesting correlation of air-pollution with temperature, global radiation, cloudiness and finally cosmic radiation (neutrons) and sun activities (sunspots and flares). If the strong climate change was therefore caused mainly by changes in sun activity, than air pollution must also be influenced by extraterrestrial situations.
Abstract: Continuous measurements of air pollution and meteorological components in Central Europe within the last 30 years showed between 1987 and 1991 very strong changes of their values. As a consequence SO2-based winter-smog alert-systems were canceled and Ozone-based summer-smog alert-systems were introduced. These changes of air pollution were accompanied with a strong increasing jump of the long time trend of global radiation of nearly 2 mW/cm2 (yearly averages) and of ground-near temperature of about 1,2 °C in Central Europe during this short time interval. These climatic changes were accompanied with the reduction of cloudiness which was in correlation with the reduction of cosmic rays (neutrons) especially strong within the 22nd sunspot period. Sun observations of NASA showed since this time stronger increase of eruptions of protons transporting solar winds, which were reducing cosmic radiation by magnetic deflections. This effect caused reductions of cloudiness partly till about 30 %. Therefore this "Climate Jump" with its increasing ground near temperature, causing the above mentioned changes, is sun made. Moreover the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) showed correlation with neutron flux, which stables the assumption, that there is a causal connection between sunspot controlled cosmic rays and cloudiness: The found correlations between these components give a causal chain which leads to the knowledge, that increasing sun activity causes the increase of global temperature and as a consequence also the observed prolongation of the growing season and further more increasing UVB-radiation, what means finally climate change in Central Europe.